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Komodo Dragon

Saturday, October 22, 2016

Welcome back to my blog,  lovely readers!



It's been a week since the last post. Well, are you curious about what topic will i bring this time? it's about *drumroll* .... KOMODO! A lot of us have heard about the animal. It's often mentioned in our biology lesson, biodiversity right? So it's not a waste of time if you read the komodo article in today's post, let's check it out!
This is the classification                                                      
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Reptilia
Order:Squamata
Suborder:Scleroglossa
Family:Varanidae
Genus:Varanus
Species:V. komodoensis
Introduction
If we take a look at komodo closely, maybe we would find a resemblance with an animal. hm, let me think.. let me guess.. yep, it's like a lizard. Varanus komodoensis is the largest extant lizard on Earth and is endemic to several small islands in Indonesia. The genus name, Varanus is the latinization of 
the Arabic word "waran" which stands for monitor (Egyptians believed these lizards served as monitors, alerting people to the presence of crocodiles). Usually people called komodo as komodo dragon, komodo monitor, and 'ora' in Manggarai dialect.
History and Evolution
V. komodoensis share a common ancestor with dinosaurs, but do not descend from them. Fossil records show that around 100 million years ago, during the Cretaceous period, a species related to the present-day Varanidae appeared and reached Australia by about 15 million years ago.  From this species descended a second lineage which differentiated into V. komodoensis  about 4 million years ago.There has been much debate about how V. komodoensis evolved to be as large as it is, despite being isolated on small islands with limited resources.  One theory suggests that the presence of pigmy elephants or stegodonts selected for larger dragons.  The larger the dragon, the more capable it is of hunting large prey such as pigmy elephants.
Discovery
The Komodo dragon was first documented in 1910 by Lieutenant van Steyn van Hensbroek who went to Komodo Island after hearing stories about giant lizards.   He killed a dragon and sent the skin and several photographs to Peter A. Ouwens, director of the Zoological Museum and Botanical Garden at Bogor, Java, who eventually determined that the dragon was a monitor lizard.  Several expeditions followed including an expedition led by W. Douglas Burden which captured 27 specimens and examined at least 70 individuals in 1926.
Physical Characteristic
  • average length of 2.6 m and an average weight of 40-70 kg.
  • harp, curved claws and around 60 curved, serrated teeth with 4-5 replacement teeth at each position
  • The serrations in the teeth help Komodos tear large prey into smaller pieces. the decay of these pieces promotes the growth of several highly septic bacteria. Which later, can cause the death of the prey.
  • Color : adults are grey or clay coloured; young are more colourful, with brighter, speckled skin
  • Smell : primary food detector; can detect carrion from as far as 5 km away
  • Vision : retinas possess only cone cells which can detect colour but are weak in dim light, can see as far as 300 m, is useful in hunting to detect motion
  • Hearing : komodos are not deaf, but they do not rely on sound as much as smell, can only hear a small range of frequencies
Habitat
Komodo Island
V. komodoensis are found naturally on the islands of Komodo, Flores, Rinca, and Gilli Motang in the middle of the Lesser Sunda Islands in Indonesia.  All of these islands are volcanic. V. komodoensis are usually found in rocky valleys between 500-700m above sea level and frequently occupy regions between the tropical monsoon forest and the savanna.
Reproduction and Life Cycle
Courtship and Mating
  • occurs between May and August
  • sexual maturity for both males and females is 5-7 years 
  • dominant males fight by rising up on hind legs, using theirs tails as support, and grabbing at the other male with their fore legs
  • courtship is very brief
  • females often attack males during the early phases of courtship
  • sex ratio in wild is 3 males:1 female
Nesting
  • females lay an average of 18 eggs in a burrow in the ground over several days in September
  • females clutch once a year
  • eggs have soft, leathery shell and incubate for 2.5-8 months
  • hatchlings appear in April or May and weigh about 80 g
  • no evidence of parental care
Development
  • not many young survive to adulthood, and they often fall victim to many predators
  • if they survive until 5 years old, they can reach up to 2.5 m long and weigh 25 kg
  • they live up to 25 years in captivity; Auffenberg estimates a lifespan of 50 years in the wild
Parthenogenesis (Virgin Birth)
  • offspring resulting from parthenogenesis are all male
  • use the ZW sex-determination system in which males are ZZ and females are ZW
  • the female provides her progeny with a haploid set of chromosomes (and only one sex chromosome: Z or W)
  • the haploid set is replicated and eggs that receive a Z chromosome become ZZ (male) and develop.  Eggs that receive W become WW and fail to develop




Source : http://tolweb.org/treehouses/?treehouse_id=4457

Questions
1. "They live up to 25 years in captivity."
     The underlined word has the same meaning with ..
     a. freedom
     b. confinement
     c. bewitch
     d. jubilant
     e. tardy
2. Varanus is the latinization of  the Arabic word "waran" ..
    Latinization means ...
    a.  to use words and phrases from Latin:
    b.  To change every word in Latin
    c.  to add the suffix -us behind the word
    d. to make all the words in italic
    e. to intermix the latin word with arabic word
3. All of the statements below are incorrect about the relation between komodo's size and it's capability       to hunt the prey, except ...
    a. The larger the dragon. the less capable it is of hunting small prey
    b. The larger the dragon, the more capable it is of hunting large prey
    c. The smaller the dragon. the less capable it is of hunting small prey
    d. The larger the dragon, the more capable it is of hunting average prey
    e. The smaller the dragon, the more capable it is of hunting average prey
4. Frequently occupy regions between the tropical monsoon forest and the savanna. The sentence           means ..
    a. We can always find komodo dragon in monsoon forest and the savanna
    b. Komodo doesn't live at the savanna
    c. Komodo dragon often found in between the tropical monsoon forest and the savanna
    d. The tropical monsoon forest and the savanna are the only places komodo goes to.
    e. Komodo rarely go to the tropical monsoon forest and the savanna
5.  Young are more colourful, with brighter, speckled skin. The italic word means ..
     a. the skin is covered with stripes motive
     b. dotted or freckles covered the skin
     c. the skin is full of wrinkles
     d. komodo has fair skin
     e. komodo has a birthmark in their neck

Announcement

Monday, October 3, 2016

Assalamualaikum Wr. Wb
To all of 3 SHS students,

Turn the beat around
Put your feet on the ground
Break out your best moves
Lose your blues


Do you want to see unique costumes design? do you like to dance? do you want to taste various kinds of food? Then the annual SARASVATI Costumes and Dance Night may be the right choice for you!

You don't have to ask why you should join this event because there are definitely a lot of reasons why you should join it! You can enjoy the night with delicious foods, dancing with friends, and join the best costume contest. the winner will have a prize, very interesting right?


Come and join us at the event of :
SARASVATI 
Costume and Dance Night
Date : Saturday October 20th 2016
Place : New Hall of 3 Senior High School
Time : 5-8pm
Dresscode : White


Dust off your old dancing shoes, tease up your hair, doll up and celebrate the events with your friends. Be there or be squared!
See the invitation video :

Place To Go

Saturday, September 24, 2016

“Why do you go away? So that you can come back. So that you can see the place you came from with new eyes and extra colors. And the people there see you differently, too. Coming back to where you started is not the same as never leaving.” 


Being a traveler seems cool. I mean we can experience new places, new people, new culture. We learn new things, probably the things that we thought we would never do it. But we came back with bunch of stories that we can tell to others, inspire them to travel too.

One of many places i want to travel is Grand Canyon. I had seen pictures of it and it tempted me to go there. It  is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in the state of Arizona in the United States. The Grand Canyon is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 18 miles (29 km) wide and attains a depth of over a mile (6,093 feet or 1,857 meters).Nearly two billion years of Earth's geological history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut their channels through layer after layer of rock while the Colorado Plateau was uplifted.  

For thousands of years, the area has been continuously inhabited by Native Americans, who built settlements within the canyon and its many caves. The Pueblo people considered the Grand Canyon a holy site, and made pilgrimages to it. The first European known to have viewed the Grand Canyon was García López de Cárdenas from Spain, who arrived in 1540.



Source :
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Canyon
https://id.pinterest.com/pin/272045633712552900/


World Tournament x Techno Festival



“Never let the fear of striking out keep you from playing the game” 
― Babe Ruth


Hello readers!
It's been quite a while after i blogged by last post. So, the highlight of today's post is WTTF : World Tournament x Techno Festival. Actually, this event was held on Saturday, 20th of August. It's kinda late but better late than never, right?
A few days before Saturday, the seniors of eleventh grade came to my class and announced that there would be a sport event called WTTF. Later i knew that it was the program of 
9th & 10th sections of the Student Committee. They also said that the 10th & 11th grade must joined the event. The Committee also kept reminded students through LINE in their official account. I had some of the posters below. Really cute, isn't it? 

The day had came. I arrived in Lapangan Bali at 6.30 am and some of my friends had gathered. I instantly recognised my classmate because they wore the same color of clothes as i was. Which is red. We all agreed before to wear that color, and because from year to year, class X-6 always wore red. Then, all the participants was told to move onto the basketball to hear the instructions from the chairman of committee. One of the instructions was we must spoke english throughout the event. Oh, and Class X-6 would be competing with Class XI-6. After we all knew the rules, the event was started. 
It was a post to post game. The first post was in football field. There, the committee told us that we would play Flappy Bird game. Each team had 10 people to play. So each player had to play flappy bird for 15 seconds, then passed the phone to other player. The team that had the most high scores, would win the game. I was the player at that time, and let me tell you that playing flappy bird in a few seconds is not as easy as it seemed. Mostly each player of my team had the score only 5. With that, my team lost the game. 

Next one is still in the football field. 10 players was also required from each team this time. They were given a scarf with different color. The point of this game was to take the opponent's scarf. If the player had his scarf taken, he lost. Well, pretty much to say that my team lost this game, again.
The third post was at basketball field. It required one player from each time. Because it was some kind of IT quiz game, we asked our friend Otniel to play it. So, the committee told that the player would be given some questions about technology, and they were given the answers in paper. If they knew the answer, they must raised their hand first and then answered. It was a tight game, but finally we won it.
The fourth post was in Tongkeng Park. We needed to walk from Lapngan Bali. Tongkeng Park wasn't too far so it wasn't a problem. After we arrived, some committees had waited for us. There was 
a lot of cardboards, big ones beside them. We were told that each team had to make their own robot version from the cardboards. The game started and we hurriedly built our robot. We also used the accessories like bottle caps, straw, pin and others. After the time up, the committee informed that Class XI-6 won. Which it means another lost for my team.
The next post was in Photography Park. Here's a deal, it was at 11pm under the sun and the destination was quite far... because we took a walk. After we arrived, we were told to play twister. We asked Gea and Faris to play it. It was interesting because the position of players were pretty funny. They looked like in a Yoga session.  In this game, both team had the same score so it's a tie.
We moved to 3 SHS because it was break time. We sat in front of Aula Baru. We ate our lunch and had our dzuhur prayer. Then, the next post was still in 3 SHS. It was Samyang Challenge. Sadly, we lost the game, again.
We should be at Taman Musik for the next post, but because the time was up, we were told to move to Lapangan Bali for the closing. There, all the participants (Class X & XI) gathered and the committee announced who was the winner for the best team. There was one mission left, which was gathering all the pieces of puzzle that the teams had because became the winner of each posts. Class X were still competing with Class XI for this task. I'm happy to say that Class X (3'2019) won the last  task.
Well, although my team didn't win the entire posts, and not the winner of the best team, the event was successful.

Festival Seni & Budaya Megantara

Monday, September 12, 2016

"We are, at almost every point of our day, immersed in cultural diversity: faces, clothes, smells, attitudes, values, traditions, behaviours, beliefs, rituals." 
Randa Abdel-Fattah



Festival Seni & Budaya Megantara or Megantara Art & Culture Festival was one of the most awaited events that held by SMA 3 Bandung. It was held on September 10th in Lapangan Bali. I woke up at 4, but i remained at my bed until 5. After that,  i prepared myself for an hour and went straight to Lapangan Bali at 6 o'clock. The whole committee had gathered when i arrived, and we had a brief  meeting with the core committee. He said all of the things we should and should not do when the event be held. After that, he asked the whole committee to pray together for the event.

At 8 am, there was a parade for children from elementary school and students from middle school. I was told that there were 200 participants of that parade. All of the participants wore unique costumes, and they seemed really happy. At the end of the parade, there was a performance of Reog Ponorogo.

Although the committee had to be in the venue at six, the gate was opened for public at 11.35. It was a really hot day, but i saw a lot of people came. Most of the people just walked around the venue and looked for food. People also excited to try the ghost house. My friends and i decided to take a rest under a shady tree and had a chat there.

At 3 am, the visitors who came got more and more. I met a couple of friends from middle school and we shared story about our life now. Not long after that, there were a fashion show that consists 34 of students from grade X who wore the traditional costumes of each provinces in Indonesia. They walked around the stage with their costumes, and pulled a big smile for the crowd. At the end of the show, Mr Ridwan Kamil (mayor of Bandung) came on stage and announced the winner of the fashion show. With that, he officially opened the event.


At evening, the stage area was flooded with people. The left area of the stage was crowded with the people who stood, on the right area was crowded with the people who sat and ate. I didn't know the reason why, but i found it funny because the people looked like they had a picnic or something.. Being the committee of decoration, my friends and i had to keep an eye for the decoration. Each group of the committee had its own task and shifts. For me, i had the task to keep an eye of the tower from 18.30 until 20.00

The Tower

The performance that i really enjoyed was T'st (Tiloes Theatre). They did a really good job in entertaining people. They made a parody of Suicide Squad, but they put the a bit of Indonesian culture in it. The Changcurters then came in stage and the people went crazy. The vocalist of the band  was really hyperactive. He always moved and jumped all the way (and sang also). He knew how to spiced things up. A lot of people danced, had their hands in the air, and shouted. The next performance was RAN. I have seen RAN back in middle school so it wasn't a surprise anymore... the highlight of the show was when they asked one of the audience to accompany them in the stage. And they picked a girl (what a lucky girl!) and invited her to the stage. There, they began to sing 'Andai Dia Tahu' where Nino and Rai tried to win the girl's attention. After they finished, the
confetti was spread to the crowd and Festival Seni & Budaya Megantara finally ended.

Check out my short video about Megantara here!

About Me

Tuesday, July 26, 2016

“Life isn’t about finding yourself. Life is about creating yourself.”
George Bernard Shaw

Welcome to my blog!
This is very much the first time i started a blog and i’m really excited to do it. So without further a do, let me introduce myself.  My full name is Tsabita Pharama Husna. 'Tsabita' in Arabic means strong, straight, courageous, whereas 'Husna' means good, and 'Pharama' means friendly. You can call me Tsabit for short. I was born in Purwakarta, 22th September 2000. Purwakarta is a small town in West Java Province. A lot of people come to the city to taste its well-known satay. I lived there since i was a child until elementary school. Now, i live in Bandung.


When i was in Bromo.


The thing that i love the most since i was a kid is swimming. I used to swim every week with my family but as i grew older, and i have a lot of  activities and school paperwork,  i can only swim twice a month or even  less. In grade 9, i rarely do the exercise. So starting this junior year , i’m going to do exercises again because i want to start a healthy lifestyle.

I am a Javanese because both of my parents came from Kediri, East Java. They grew up there and moved out to West Java in 1995. By the way, do you guys know about pecel? Some people call it the salad from Indonesia. It's one of my favourite food. I also love rawon, soto, satay, rendang and many more. Food with rich seasoning are my weakness;(. But i would love to eat fast food too. Who would say no to this?





My favourite color is maroon. Oh, and i have worn hijab since a little girl. At that moment, i didn’t really know what is the meaning of wearing hijab but i did it anyway. Wearing hijab has been my everyday life since then until now i know that wearing a hijab is one of muslim’s obligations. I graduated from 5 Junior High School in Bandung. From my 3 years experience of being a student there, that school has given me a lot of different memories and i really love it. 

Currently, i’m studying in 3 National High School and i just finished my orientation week a few days ago.  This high school is located in Belitung street no 8. It shares the same building with 5 Junior High School. The school has a really nice ambience. 3 SHS is the best national school in Bandung at the moment. I'm a tenth grader and my class is in X MIPA 6. I've been in this class for almost a month. I'm glad because i could meet a lot of new people and i made friends with them.  Because  i’m still a junior, i can’t really say much about my high school, sorry. All i can say that this high school is full of amazing students with incredible talents. One of many things that i love from this school is the extracurriculars. it has a bunch of great extracurriculars. There are KPA (Angklung), Basketball, football, and 34 others. But i interested in only 3 of them which is SEF (Student English Forum), and Badminton Club 

I collect books and movies. They are the escape of my boredom. Mostly, i collect the romantic comedy genre, but i also like to watch action or thriller. I do binge watch serial TVs in holiday. I used to binge watch until midnight... i knew it's a bad habit but it felt weirdly great. I kept reminding myself i had to stop the habit but i failed miserably. FRIENDS is always gonna be my all time favourite serial. 



gambar chandler bing, rachel green, and gif
FRIENDS


That’s it, thankyou very much for visiting my blog. Sorry for my adequate english writing skill, I hope you like my content and see you in next post!

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